The Implementation of Standard Operational Procedures (SOP) Patient Fall Risk Identification in Inpatient Rooms at X Hospital

  • Nonik Eka Martyastuti Universitas Pekalongan, Indonesia
  • Anik Indriono Universitas Pekalongan, Indonesia
  • Kusnadi Kusnadi Universitas Pekalongan, Indonesia
Keywords: Standard Operational Procedures, Patient, Risk Identification


Background : A preliminary study conducted at hospital X in September 2022 obtained interview data with nurses in the inpatient room, 3 out of 7 nurses said that the nurse did not carry out an initial assessment or special history taking with the patient safety format and scale provided by the hospital management. The nurse also conveyed that it was not optimal when giving explanations to the patient's family about educating patients at risk of falling. The purpose of this study was to determine the application of the SOP for Falling Patient Risk Identification at X Hospital. The method is Qualitative descriptive in which the problem formulation that guides research to explore or portray social situations to be studied thoroughly, broadly and deeply. Data collection techniques used is observation. Interviews were conducted with the Director of the Hospital, the Head of Services, the Person in Charge of the Inpatient Room and the managing nurse. Result:Five participants stated that the way to overcome identification barriers was to socialize about the procedure and purpose of patient identification since the patient entered the inpatient room. This method is in accordance with the advice given by Join Commission International, namely educating patients and families about the risks associated with misidentification. Two participants added that the way to overcome obstacles is to do a variety of questions, such as changing the date of birth with the patient's birthday. Variety as diversity that makes something not monotonous. Variations can be in the form of changes or differences that are deliberately created to give a unique impression. Variation is done by reducing the saturation and increasing the object.