Pemanfaatan Ekstrak Daun Jambu Biji (psidium guajava) Pada Pakan Buatan Untuk Mendukung Perekonomian Dan Budidaya Perikanan Air Payau

  • Hayati Soeprapto Fakultas perikanan Universitas Pekalongan
Keywords: feed, antiseptic leaves, microbes and protein


Feed is a very supportive thing in aquaculture for farmers who feel very burden in fulfilling optimal feed needs to achieve good and profitable production. Some pond farmers often provide feed only to their range, and do not follow appropriate feed standards, meaning that fish maintenance is only given feed originally and even utilizes household food manufacturers without taking into account the impact. So through this research on making feed it is expected that later as information and can the public be able to make their own food by utilizing cheap local ingredients and obtained easily. Local food such as rice flour bran, soybean flour, starch flour and extracts from guava leaves were used for this research. The results of the research made from the analysis carried out include 27% protein, low fat, 5.55%, the feed test value, can meet the feed standard for fish cultivated in brackish water. And the brackish waters in the pantura region are also nurtured by many tilapia, because this can provide benefits for farmers and can also be maintained in freshwater. In this food made intentionally added with ingredients that have antiseptic ingredients, the purpose is that the fish that is kept will be more optimal in the production. With feed containing antiseptic, it is hoped that it will improve the health of fish, and minimize microbial attacks on fish. Because in brackish waters often found microbes such as Vibrio, Pseudomonas, Chromobacterium, Bacillus, which often attack fish cause disease, and affect death.